PR Visa – Express Entry
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PR visa is also known as a permanent resident Visa. Someone, who has been given permanent resident status or PR status by immigrating to Canada. But it does not mean that he or she is a citizen of Canada. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries. A person who is there in Canada for studies or business or temporary in Canada is not a permanent resident.
How Express Entry works
Express Entry, as the name indicates, it is an online system that we use to manage immigration applications. Express Entry is a point-based Canadian immigration system, which was developed by the Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada, which is also called the IRCC, in 2015. With this express entry system, the Canadian government can manage skilled worker applications wanting to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents.
Applicants, who get the highest points, will receive an Invitation to Apply or the ITA for PR in Canada. There are 3 main immigration programs under Express Entry, which are –
- The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
- The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Canadian Experience Class for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience or whose work experience must have been gained in the 3 years before you apply.
Federal Skilled Worker Program is for skilled workers with foreign work experience and must meet criteria for education and other factors
Federal Skilled Trades Program. This is for skilled workers who are qualified in a skilled trade and they must have a valid job offer or a certificate of qualification.
Eligibility criteria for the Express Entry
The eligibility criteria for the express Entry are as:
- A test proving adequate knowledge of English or French
- Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) positive report
- A score of at least 67 points to qualify for some programs
- Good medical health
- Ability to clear the debt
- No age barrier, but no points are awarded for over 47 years.
Points calculated for the Express Entry applicants
The points calculated for the Express Entry applicants are decided mainly by the Comprehensive Ranking System or the CRS. The score an applicant gets is totally dependent on 4 major factors. The major factors are –
- Human capital/core factors
- Common-law partner or spouse factors
- Skill transferability factors
- Additional Points
You can apply through Express Entry if the above criteria match you. If you’re nominated, you will get extra points so you can be invited to apply fast. To be eligible for this, you need to first check that your work experience, as defined by the NOC system, is eligible for Express Entry. You need to get your foreign excluding Canadian educational credentials assessed by one of IRCC’s approved third parties.
For all the three Express Entry programs, you need to take English or French or both of the tests, and score a number of points to be eligible for the same. Under Express Entry, there are eligibility requirements for each of the 3 economic immigration programs. You need to make sure that you are eligible for at least one of all 3 programs. You need to understand well how to calculate your Comprehensive Ranking System or the CRS score, which is very important.
After taking your language exam, and getting your ECA, if your credential is not Canadian, you need to verify your eligibility through the Come to Canada Tool and then make your profile of Express Entry to get into the pool of applicants.
If you have enough CRS points, you will get an Invitation to Apply or the ITA. You will have 60 days to fill out additional forms and submit your supporting documents.
After receiving your ITA or Invitation to Apply, you have to upload the requested supporting documents. Go ahead and make sure you are prepared to not have any problems gathering them.
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If you are in Canada on a visit visa and want to extend your stay, you will need to apply for visitor status. You can apply for visitor status at a Canadian immigration office from within the country. However, you should apply for a Canada visa before your existing visitor status expires. As a general rule, if you come to Canada as a ‘visitor,’ you will be granted visitor status for a duration of six months
The following factors will determine if you need a visitor visa or ETA:
- Travel documents you plan to travel with
- Country which issued your travel document
- Your nationality
- How you plan to travel to Canada for this trip
Here are some guidelines that will help Canada Tourist Visa applicants from India:
The application form: You must first download the Canada Visit Visa application form from the website of the Canadian Government. You must download the checklist of documents as well that must be submitted along with the application. The application form must be filled online. You must then click validate and take its print out.
Booking of the accommodation and flight: Sometimes, you will also have to submit copies of your accommodation and flight bookings. This is basically to offer evidence of funds.
Submission of Covering Letter along with the documents for Canada Visa: You will have to submit all the required documents along with the application form. This must include a Covering Letter that states the purpose of your visit. You must also submit evidence of funds to demonstrate that you have adequate money to support yourself during your visit to Canada.
Collecting the Visa and Passport: It usually takes around 10 to 14 working days to obtain the Canada Tourist Visa. You will have to collect your Canada Visa and Passport from the Visa Office.
You must be currently residing in Canada.
You must have a valid passport that will be valid for the duration of your trip
You must have paid the fees associated with Form IMM 5708.
You must make sure that any other permits you have (study or job) remain valid and do not conflict with your visitor permit.