Climate and Average Weather in Canada

The biggest part of Canada has a continental climate. Weather in Canada The temperate continental climate and the cool continental climate are the most common. In the northern parts of Canada, this changes into a tundra climate. Above the Arctic Circle, there are areas where it is so cold that there is a snow and ice climate. Winters can be harsh in many regions of the country, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces. In these areas, the daily average temperatures can be near -15 degrees Celsius (5 degrees Fahrenheit) during winter but can even drop below -40 degrees Celsius (-40 degrees Fahrenheit) with severe wind chills. In non-coastal regions, snow can cover the ground for almost six months of the year. Ocean currents are an element with great influence on Canada’s climate. In the west the seawater is relatively warm, making the west coast of Canada much more courteous and more pleasant than the east coast. In the east, relatively cool seawater is brought in via the Labrador Current. Therefore In the province of British Columbia, the weather is a lot milder in character. In summer, most of the heat is tempered by seawater, but in winter the sea and mountains ensure that the coastal area in southwestern Canada has mild winters. This means that this part of Canada is considerably warmer during the winter months than all other regions of Canada, where it is cold to very cold in winter. 

On the east and west coasts in summer average maximum temperatures are generally in the low 20 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit), while inland, the average summer high temperature ranges from 25 to 30 degrees Celsius (77 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit), with occasional extreme heat in some interior locations exceeding 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit).

During summer rainfall is high in Toronto, falling frequently during the month. So the weather can be unpredictable from moment to moment. Most rain in Canada in July falls in Quebec City with an average of 121mm (4.8 inches). The least rain in July falls in Victoria with an average of 14mm (0.6 inches). 

2. Climate and Average Weather in the United States of America

The overall climate in the United States of America (USA) is temperate, with notable exceptions. Alaska has an Arctic tundra climate, while Hawaii and South Florida have a tropical climate. The Great Plains are dry, flat, and grassy, turning into an arid desert in the far West. In terms of temperatures and precipitation, there are very large differences throughout the country. The northwest is wet, the southeast fairly wet and the central part of America is dry. What is the best travel time? That all depends on where you want to go and what do you want to do on your holiday. Actually, you can travel to America all year round, but it depends on your destination. 

Being a huge country, the contiguous United States is home to a wide variety of climates. However, in general, it has a continental climate, with cold winters (often frigid) and hot summers (sometimes very hot), with a different season duration depending on latitude and distance from the sea. There are, however, some exceptions: on the west coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean, the climate is cool and damp in the northern part and Mediterranean in the southern part; on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, the climate is mild in winter and hot and muggy in summer, while in Florida, it is almost tropical; the mountainous areas are cold in winter and cool to cold even in summer; and finally, there are deserts which are mild in winter and scorchingly hot in summer.

Since there are no obstacles to cold air masses from Canada, almost all of the country can experience sudden cold waves in winter, but they have different intensities and duration depending on the area. Cold spells last a few days in the south, where the temperature drops a few degrees below freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) in winter, while they are intense and sometimes long in inland areas, in the highlands, and in the northeast. Heat waves in summer can be intense as well, especially in inland areas. In general, the western half of the country is arider than the eastern one, with the exception of the north-central coast of the Pacific, which is rainy. While the Western United States is mostly occupied by mountains and plateaus, with vast arid and desert areas, the central-eastern part is mostly flat or covered by hills and low mountains, and its climate is generally more humid and rainy. Given the vastness of the territory, the climatic differences are remarkable here as well.

In the central-eastern part, clashes of air masses are remarkable and frequent, making the climate unstable in most of the territory, and meteorological phenomena may be violent (storms, hail, blizzards, tornadoes). Air masses coming from Canada are cold and dry (but pick up moisture when passing over the Great Lakes), while those from the Gulf of Mexico are warm and moist.

The Great Plains experience higher temperature variations, but are also less humid and rainy than the East Coast, especially in winter. Rainfall is most abundant from November to January, though it’s common for most of the year, except in summer. In fact, in July and August, the weather is pleasant and quite sunny, with cool nights and some morning fog. While rain in Seattle is frequent, snow is rare: on average, 15 centimeters (6 inches) of snowfall per year. Here is the average precipitation

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